gante mula, turnip

Gante mula, turnips.

Binomial name Brassica rapa var. rapa.

Gante mula is classified as red radish in Nepal but according to scientific classsification , it is a turnip. That means all kinds of radishes and turnips are generalized as Mula [radish] in Nepal.

These bulbs have a radish like sharp taste and often cooked with potatoes and meat items. Greens can also be cooked like any other green vegetables. 





Skush or Iskush [Nepali name], Chayote [English name]. Also called as vegetable pear. 

Binomial name Sechium Edule

Common names- English: chayote, Madeira marrow, vegetable pear; Nahuatl: chayote (Mexico, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama); Spanish cidrayota (Colombia), gayota (Peru), huisquil, güisquil or uisquil (Mexico [Chiapas], Guatemala, El Salvador), papa del aire, cayota (Argentina); Portuguese: chocho, chuchu, xuxu, machiche, machuchu (Brazil); French: christophine, mirliton (Haiti, Guadeloupe, Bermuda, Trinidad and Tobago, United States [Louisiana], French Guyana)

A mature skush is a mild green spiked skinned, hard vegetable with a seed inside like an avacado. This pear shaped vegetable is a famous vegetable in Nepalese kitchen. Skush skins are always peeled prior to cooking. This vegetable leaves a little stickiness on our hands while cutting. But as it cooked, the texture becomes completely different as they are cooked. Potatoes are often mixed with skush while cooking. They can be also fried or steamed as desired.

Skushko jara [Chayote roots] are boiled and marinated, fried or cooked with soups. It is also fed to pigs and cattle , but prior cooking is necessary.

skushko jara, chayote roots

skushko jara, chayote roots










Skush is one of the vegetables which is very low calories; provide just 16 calories per 100 g and contain no saturated fats or cholesterol. However, it is rich a source of dietary fiber, anti-oxidants, minerals, vitamins.

It a vine which climbs on the trees walls or any kind of trellis, and grows in a very moist soil. A whole fruit is planted 3 to 4 weeks after the last spring when the weather has warmed. Skush grows best where summer temperatures are very warm to hot, in tropical or subtropical regions.














Tongbako bhada, tongba serving vessel

Tongko bhada, tonba serving vessel. Straw is called pipa. Basically made out of wood, bamboo and aluminum.

A traditional alcoholic hot beverage named tonga is served in this vessel.



Mausami, orange

Mausami, orange
botanical name Citrus sinensis
In general life, oranges are called Suntala. But in fact, suntala are tangerines.

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Farshi, pumkin

Fasri, pakeko farsi, pumpkin.

Famous cultivar of squash family, binomial name Cucurbita pepo.  


pumpkin vines

Young pumpkin in plant

More about pumpkin as reference –




Daate okhar, English walnut

Daate okhar,soft shelled walnut, Persian walnut, English walnut.
Binomial name Juglans regia.


Hadey okhar, black walnut

Hadey okhar, hard shelled walnut, thick shelled walnut, eastern black walnuts.
Binomial name Juglans nigra.


Badam, peanuts

Badam, peanuts.
Binomial name Arachis hypogaea L.


Jangali katush, himalayan horse chestnuts

Jangali katush, thulo katush, himalayan horse chestnuts.
Binomial name Aesculus indica.


Katush, sweet chestnuts

Katush, sweet chestnuts.
Binomial name Castanea sativa.